Lecture Meeting in Cyprus Institute
On 23 of June (Wednesday), Cyprus team went to Cyprus Institute (Nicosia, Cyprus) where Mr George Zittis gave us a lecture about Climate Change in Middle East (Eastern Mediterranian) and the results about this climate change for the next 100 years. We discuss about Climate Change and some key words as you can see below. Mr NIkolas Nikolaou explain to all team the program of the Exchange so to be able to participate.
Warming of the climate system is unequivocal, and since the 1950s, many of the observed changes are unprecedented over decades to millennia. The atmosphere and ocean have warmed, the amounts of snow and ice have diminished, sea level has risen, and the concentrations of greenhouse gases have increased.
ATMOSPHERE: Each of the last three decades has been successively warmer at the Earth’s surface than any preceding decade since 1850. In the Northern Hemisphere, 1983–2012 was likely the warmest 30-year period of the last 1400 years.
OCEAN: Ocean warming dominates the increase in energy stored in the climate system, accounting for more than 90% of the energy accumulated between 1971 and 2010. It is virtually certain that the upper ocean (0−700 m) warmed from 1971 to 2010, and it likely warmed between the 1870s and 1971.
CRYOSPHERE: Over the last two decades, the Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets have been losing mass, glaciers have continued to shrink almost worldwide, and Arctic sea ice and Northern Hemisphere spring snow cover have continued to decrease in extent.
CARBON: The atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide have increased to levels unprecedented in at least the last 800,000 years. Carbon dioxide concentrations have increased by 40% since pre-industrial times, primarily from fossil fuel emissions and secondarily from net land use change emissions. The ocean has absorbed about 30% of the emitted anthropogenic carbon dioxide, causing ocean acidification.
Understanding the Climate System and its Recent Changes: Human influence on the climate system is clear. This is evident from the increasing greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere, positive radiative forcing, observed warming, and understanding of the climate system.
Human influence has been detected in warming of the atmosphere and the ocean, in changes in the global water cycle, in reductions in snow and ice, in global mean sea level rise, and in changes in some climate extremes. It is extremely likely that human influence has been the dominant cause of the observed warming since the mid-20th century.
You can download the whole presentation here: cyi_presentation_en.pdf (4835508)
Also you can download original documents from this link with dropbox: www.dropbox.com/sh/ybzy28a85gyc0cq/AADlEAm1Rire7z4TJvlvTDsZa